Home > Blog > ENT > Anemization of the nasal mucosa

 

Anemization of the nasal mucosa is a curative medical manipulation that is performed to treat diseases of the nasopharynx of a viral nature, accompanied by inflammatory processes on the mucous membranes and soft tissues. Anemization of the nasal membrane of the nose is its irrigation with solutions of medications that provoke narrowing of blood vessels.

Indications and contraindications

What is anemization of the mucous membranes for? The purpose of the procedure is to reduce swelling on the walls of the nasopharynx to open the lumen for various surgical procedures. The following factors serve as indications for the procedure:

  • acute rhinitis;
  • chronic runny nose;
  • frontal sinusitis;
  • sinusitis;
  • maxillary sinusitis;

Anemization of the sinuses is carried out as one of the stages of the following medical procedures:

  • catheterisation (a procedure for cleansing mucus from the nasal sinuses with a catheter);
  • puncture of the maxillary sinuses in the treatment of sinusitis;
  • prevention of nosebleeds;
  • installation of drainage in the sinuses;
  • treatment of otitis media;
  • nasal irrigation.

Despite the apparent simplicity and safety of this technique, anemization has several contraindications:

  • individual allergic reactions to the components of the drugs used;
  • certain diseases of the sinuses;
  • neoplasms in the nose and ears.

Before the procedure, the doctor examines the patient and learns his/her detailed history.

Features of the procedure

Anemization of the nasal sinuses is a procedure carried out in conjunction with the conservative treatment of diseases of the nasopharynx. The manipulation is safe, it helps to reduce inflammation and swelling, regardless of the size of the process.

Anemization of the nasal mucosa is mandatory simultaneously with a puncture of the maxillary sinuses since this procedure is always accompanied by bleeding, the intensity of which can be reduced only by immediate narrowing of the blood vessels.

To minimise the swelling of the mucous membranes and soft tissue simultaneously with anemization, it is possible to carry out procedures such as suction of the mucous mass, nasal irrigation, and ozone therapy.

Anemization technique

Anemization (or adrenalization of the nasal mucosa) is carried out in stages:

  • Preparation – examination of the patient, diagnosis, detailed studying of the anamnesis.
  • Anemization procedure itself. Duration – up to 2 minutes. The following medicines are used – Adrenaline, Ephedrine, Naphazolinum.
  • In addition to irrigation with medical drugs, the administration of drugs into the nasal cavity is carried out by the method of application or lubrication.
  • Individual adjustment of the amount of drugs is carried out if an enhancement of the therapeutic effect is required. In this case, a gause swab is dipped in the medical solution and inserted using tamponade technique.

After anemization, the patient undergoes rehabilitation. To moisturise the nasal mucosa, topical medications are used – creams and ointments. Emollient ointments can be chosen independently, there are no active ingredients in their composition. Depending on the complexity of the clinical case and the diagnosis, after anemization, medication therapy and a course of physiotherapy are prescribed.

Anemization of the mucous membrane of the nasal sinuses is an effective medical manipulation that helps to quickly cure nasopharyngeal pathologies. If the procedure is carried out in the absence of contraindications, there are no risks of complications and side effects.