MedClinic > Blog > ENT > Earwax blockage flushing


Flushing out the earwax plug is carried out exclusively in a hospital setting and only by a doctor. The formed earwax performs protective functions, preventing various pathogenic microbes and viruses from entering the ear canal from the outside. Excessive accumulation of earwax occurs for various reasons, but most often it happens when a person neglects the need to conduct regular hygienic procedures for caring for the auricles.

Earwax plug, blocking the passage, can lead to a decrease in hearing acuity, cause some pathological disorders and cause the development inflammatory processes. In such situations, flushing out the earwax plug can be prescribed.

What is the reason for the excessive production and accumulation of earwax in the ears?

The main reason for increased earwax formation is a violation of the rules of ear hygiene, but often the excessive secretion and accumulation of earwax indicates the presence of pathological processes in the ear, they must be diagnosed and treatment should be started as early as possible. Factors contributing to cork formation are as follows:

  • anatomical features in the structure of the auditory meatus;
  • genetic tendency to increased earwax excretion;
  • presence of inflammation;
  • constant wearing of hearing aids;
  • a large amount of hair in the ears;
  • eczema, psoriasis and other skin diseases that affect the skin near the ears;
  • features of professional activity (prolonged stay in dusty workshops, rooms);
  • the presence of a foreign body;
  • severely dry air in the room;
  • age-related changes.

The risk of earwax accumulation increases significantly in people with age, this is due to physiological changes in the body. Those with increased earwax formation are those who have abundant hair growth in the ear canals.

How does the plug in the ear manifest itself?

Symptoms of an earwax plug are not manifested in the initial stages, the first manifestations begin to bother a person at a time when the plug blocked the ear canal. The first thing a person pays attention to is a feeling of stuffiness and a decrease in hearing acuity. The main features are as follows:

  • noise and buzz in the ears;
  • congestion;
  • dry cough;
  • bouts of nausea with dizziness;
  • moderate pain in the ears;
  • the appearance of an echo.

In especially difficult situations, the plug provokes changes in the heart rhythm, paralysis of the facial nerve ending, epileptic seizures are possible.

How to identify it and cure?

Diagnosis of an earwax plug is carried out by the doctor during the examination of the patient and studying of complaints. Treatment of earwax plugs is carried out only by a doctor. Any attempts to independently remove the cork often lead to complications. It is strictly forbidden to use a cotton swab in this case, this method of cleaning the ears will lead to the cork going even further along the ear canal.

The most effective method of treatment is washing the ears from earwax plugs — irrigation. Rinsing is carried out only by a doctor, having previously softened the cork. In the case of a small blockage, the removal of earwax plugs is carried out using special ear drops. It is recommended to perform this procedure for people with a tendency to form earwax plugs constantly for preventive purposes.

To soften the earplug with its further extraction to the outside, a Janet syringe is used.

Removal of earwax in people with tympanic membrane abnormalities is recommended by using the vacuum method. The cost of removing the earwax plug depends on the method chosen. In people with a perforated eardrum, when washing is prohibited, earwax is removed by instrumental curettage.