An injection of hyaluronic acid is associated only with a cosmetic procedure that can prolong skin youth and smoothen wrinkles. Hyaluronic acid is used in the treatment of various joint diseases. Injections of hyaluronic acid into joints contribute to their quickest recovery after injuries. This is achieved due to the unique property of an introduced substance to activate the process of cartilage tissue regeneration.
When is hyaluronic acid used for joints?
The main substance that is a part of hyaluronic acid, hyaluronate, is present in the cells of the epithelium and connective tissue, nerve fibres. Hyaluronate also composes of the fluid that fills the joint cavity. The purpose of this substance is to improve the amortisation of joint and prevent friction of its bone components with each other.
When the amount of this substance in joint fluid decreases, pathological processes in the joint begin to develop, in particular, arthrosis. To replenish the concentration of hyaluronate in joint fluid, injections of hyaluronic acid are administered.
The injection of hyaluronic acid into the knee joint is carried out regardless of what factors provoked the development of the pathological process. This measure helps relieve pain and improve the motor function of the joint.
Another indication for the use of hyaluronic acid is arthrosis of the hip joint.
The injections of hyaluronic acid into the hip joint helps to prevent the process of structural change and the destruction of cartilage. With timely treatment using hyaluronic acid, you can completely stop the development of the pathological process and protect the joint from destruction.
Hyaluronic acid injections into joints are used during arthroscopy and in the postoperative period when the patient undergoes rehabilitation course to restore joint mobility.
Effectiveness of injections
Hyaluronic acid for joints performs the function of lubricant that prevents friction of bone tissue and restores joint mobility. With regular injections of hyaluronic acid into the joint cavity, the process of cartilage tissue cell regeneration is activated. The risk of developing inflammatory processes against the background of degenerative processes in the joint is prevented.
Hyaluronic acid injections are an effective alternative to surgery. This is one of the most effective methods of treatment and relief of symptomatic picture in the development of secondary arthrosis.
The cost of introducing hyaluronic acid into the joints is affordable for patients, but there are several contraindications with which it is strictly forbidden to use this type of treatment for degenerative processes in joints:
After injecting hyaluronic acid into the joint, the patient may experience temporary side effects – burning and itching at the injection site, muscle pain (resolves quickly enough), swelling and redness at the injection site. After 2-3 days, this symptomatology disappears on its own.
На начальных стадиях разрушения суставных структур несколько курсов инъекционного введения лекарства может почти полностью восстановить пораженную хрящевую ткань.
При умеренных или выраженных дегенеративно-дистрофических изменениях – отсрочить проведение операции по эндопротезированию либо отказаться от нее в пользу восстановительного лечения производными гиалуроновой кислоты.