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After 40 years, when metabolic processes slow down, and the work of the endocrine and other body systems is rebuilt, our weight is the first to respond to these changes. In the area of the hips, knees and abdomen, fat is most often deposited. Legs become less so slender and attractive, shyness and complexes appear that make us refuse to wear our favourite short skirts and tight jeans.
The fat that accumulates in the knees is most often localized in the patella and in the popliteal fossa, forming an overhanging fold that looks ugly under clothes. Practice shows that sports, massage, and other traditional methods of dealing with weight do not give the desired result. The only effective way to deal with local fat deposits in problem areas is liposuction of the knees. Today it is a safe operation with low traumatizing that gives an instant result and self-confidence. Nevertheless, to get a high-quality and long-term result, a highly qualified surgeon is very important. Most often, this operation takes place along with hip liposuction, and gives an amazing overall result.
Indications for plastic surgery to remove fat from the knees:
– The presence of massive body fat in the knees
– Sagging skin on the knees
– Dissatisfaction with the appearance of the legs
ADVANTAGES OF KNEE LIPOSUCTION
– Security. The likelihood of complications in the postoperative period is very low.
– Minimal traumatic effect on the tissue
– The mechanical effect on adipose tissue with its subsequent excretion is the most effective method to combat local fat deposits.
– Absence of scars and marks after surgery. Since at the end of the operation, small incisions are sutured with cosmetic sutures, and after some time they become completely invisible.
– A short period of rehabilitation.
There are contraindications to the procedure for removing fat from the knees, and one of them is obesity, since the location of fat in this case will be throughout the body, and the local removal of adipose tissue will simply look disproportionately, with a high percentage of the return of weight and volume to the previous indicators, since with overweight, the problem has a deeper nature of the changes.
Other contraindications include:
– Pregnancy, breastfeeding
– Acute viral hepatitis
– The presence in the history of endocrine diseases that are accompanied by overweight (Cushing’s syndrome, polycystic ovary syndrome, diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, etc.), since in this case there is no point in performing liposuction, because the result will be short-lived, and weight will be back in a while.
– Pathology of the blood coagulation system
– Acute infectious processes
– Exacerbation of chronic diseases
– Severe concomitant pathology
– Congenital or acquired autoimmune diseases
Initially, you need to consult your doctor to identify possible contraindications. During the consultation, it is necessary to warn the doctor about taking any medications, even if it is just vitamins, the presence of allergies and other diseases. Before the operation, the surgeon assesses the degree of excess tissue on the knees, the operation itself and the patient’s wishes are discussed, the doctor explains to what extent they can be realized during the operation.
A prerequisite is the delivery of instrumental and laboratory examinations, which include:
Complete blood count and urinalysis;
– blood glucose;
– Blood type and Rh factor;
– Coagulation testing (coagulation time, INR, PTI, APTT);
– Biochemical analysis of blood (bilirubin, ALT, AST, total protein, urea, creatinine, C-reactive protein, liver tests, electrolytes (potassium, sodium, calcium);
– Blood test for HbsAg (viral hepatitis B);
– Total antibodies HCV (viral hepatitis C);
– Blood test for HIV and RW;
– Consultation of GP
– Fluorography or chest X-ray results
How is the operation performed?
To remove fat from the knees, local anesthesia is used if no additional interventions such as plastics, etc. are provided. The surgeon makes a marking of the alleged areas of liposuction. The skin is soaked with an antiseptic and the surgeon proceeds to the main stage of the operation. Next, the destruction of adipose tissue follows, accompanied by its separation from the connective tissue. Using a special tube and a vacuum device, fat pumping is produced. Cosmetic sutures are applied to the incision sites and drainage tubes are removed to further remove fluid that can accumulate in the wound in the first days. After this, an aseptic dressing is applied and compressive garments are put on, through which the recovery process will be much faster.
What is the rehabilitation like?
As for the rehabilitation period, it is fast enough, but you need to strictly follow the doctor’s recommendations to exclude possible negative consequences.
Immediately after the procedure, the patient can independently leave the clinic, as plastic surgery performed by a qualified surgeon eliminates the formation of critical complications. In some cases, the doctor recommends staying for a day in the hospital for monitoring. The first days after the operation, bed rest is recommended; on the third day, motor activity should begin. During this period, certain pains and even swelling may occur, but within a week all the indicators return to normal. Compressive underwear is recommended to be worn during the entire rehabilitation period.
The following recommendations should be followed:
– Carefully carry out hygiene procedures;
– Do not take hot baths, abandon the sauna and bath;
– Do not sunbathe and try to avoid direct sunlight as much as possible;
– Exclude weight lifting and serious physical exertion.