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Lordosis is a curvature of the spinal column, in which the spine is convex anteriorly. Physiological bends, which are not pathological, are present in the cervical and lumbar spine and are located at a certain degree (cervical spine – 20-30 degrees, lumbar – 40 degrees). In case of an increase or decrease in these indicators, a diagnosis is made – lordosis. In most cases, this type of spinal curvature is formed in children and adolescents.
Why does curving occur?
Lordosis occurs under the influence of several provoking factors, which include:
In older patients, lordosis develops rather rarely, the following factors lead to this type of spinal curvature:
Lordosis of the spine in women can develop during pregnancy, but in such cases, other factors negatively affect the condition of the spine, and the load on the spinal column during pregnancy only exacerbates the condition.
Types of pathology
There are two main forms of lordosis – congenital and acquired. Depending on the causes of the curvature of the spine, lordosis can be:
Depending on the location of the curvature, lordosis has two forms:
Lordosis of the lumbar region is manifested in:
Symptoms of the cervical spine lordosis:
How to treat pathology?
Treatment of lordosis is carried out in a complex. In the early stages of the development of the disease, drug therapy and physiotherapy are prescribed. To stop unpleasant symptoms, traditional medicine methods are used. During treatment, patients must adhere to the correct diet and daily routine.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, muscle relaxants, vitamin complexes, glucocorticoids are prescribed. Physiotherapy includes electrophoresis, massages, heat treatment, magnet therapy, exercise therapy. Be sure to wear bandages.
Surgical straightening of lordosis is carried out in cases where drug therapy and physiotherapy do not give a positive result. Depending on the complexity of the clinical picture, in the surgical treatment of lordosis, a method of installing metal plates and pins is used to align the spine. In especially severe cases, the installation of mobile implants is used instead of curved vertebrae. This method of surgical correction of lordosis is expensive, but the most effective.