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Maxillary sinusitis

Disease of the nose maxillary sinusitis is an inflammatory process in the perinasal sinuses, which occurs due to the ingestion of pathogenic microflora. In most cases, maxillary sinusitis is the result of prolonged rhinitis that has gone into the chronic stage, or uncured colds.

Why does maxillary sinusitis occur?

The causes of maxillary sinusitis are associated with the entry of pathogenic microflora onto the nasal mucosa, which, with a reduced immune system, begins to rapidly develop and leads to the formation of an inflammatory focus. Often, thyroid and endocrine dysfunction can lead to the disease.

In children, maxillary sinusitis occurs due to colds that are not cured manner on time, when only the symptomatic picture was medically controlled. The causes of maxillary sinusitis in adults and children include:

  • injuries of the mucous membrane of the nasal sinuses;
  • the presence of pathogenic microflora;
  • chronic colds and maxillary sinusitis;
  • excessively dry indoor air;
  • drafts;
  • irritation of the mucous membrane with chemicals;
  • dental diseases of an inflammatory and infectious nature;
  • complications after the flu, ARI;
  • weak protective function of the immune system;
  • abnormalities in the structure of the organs of the nasopharynx;
  • presence of polyps;
  • irradiation of the body;
  • severe diseases – diabetes mellitus, tuberculosis;
  • prolonged use of vasoconstrictive drops.

Signs of the disease

The main symptoms of maxillary sinusitis in children and adults are:

  • mucus secretion;
  • memory impairment;
  • headache;
  • nose pain;
  • nasal breathing congestion;
  • bad sleep;
  • elevated temperature (often temperatures can rise to 40 degrees);
  • lethargy, apathy, constant feeling of tiredness;
  • paroxysmal cough and perspiration;
  • pain during chewing, dry mouth (symptoms of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis);
  • chills;
  • loss of appetite.

Symptoms of maxillary sinusitis in adults and children differ only in their intensity. Children, due to the unformed immune system, are more likely to tolerate maxillary sinusitis. Symptoms of maxillary sinusitis and treatment are determined by your doctor.

Therapy methods

Treatment of maxillary sinusitis is symptomatic. To stop a symptom such as nasal congestion, vasoconstrictive drops are prescribed. You can use them for no longer than 7 days, as they cause quick addiction.

Symptoms and treatment of maxillary sinusitis in children and adults does not have much difference, only taking antibiotics for the treatment of maxillary sinusitis in children is an extreme measure, which is resorted to in the absence of positive dynamics from the use of common medications. If nasal congestion does not allow a person to breathe freely, nasal lavage procedure is prescribed.

With symptoms of maxillary sinusitis in adults, the method of puncture of the maxillary sinuses is used in treatment. In the absence of effectiveness from a puncture, minimally invasive procedures are prescribed without puncture of the maxillary sinuses – balloon sinuplasty, the use of a Yamik sinus catheter.

In the treatment of maxillary sinusitis, a mandatory measure is the use of immunostimulating drugs, which are aimed at restoring and maintaining the protective functions of the immune system, so that the body itself copes with pathogenic microflora. Vitamin courses are prescribed to the patient.

Before treating the symptoms of maxillary sinusitis with traditional medicine methods, it is mandatory to consult your doctor. Alternative methods of using various herbal decoctions are permissible in the treatment of maxillary sinusitis solely as an aid to stop the symptomatic picture and improve overall well-being.