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Sinusitis is a nasal disease is an inflammation of the sinuses that occurs when pathogenic microflora enters the nasal mucosa. Sinusitis is similar in symptoms to the common cold, which is why most people begin to self-medicate, thereby delaying the course of the disease and exacerbating the inflammatory process.
What causes the disease?
The disease of the nose, sinusitis occurs due to the ingestion of pathogenic microbes into the nasal cavity, mouth, and throat by airborne or domestic means. In the normal state of the immune system, microbes can be on the mucous membranes for a long time, without showing themselves, but under the influence of provoking factors, nasal disease sinusitis begins to develop. Factors provoking of the disease:
Symptoms of sinusitis are not specific, this clinical picture is characteristic of most diseases of the nasopharynx:
Symptoms of sinusitis can have different intensity, depending on the severity of the inflammatory process and the causes of the disease. In adults, the disease is easier than in children, which is associated with the formed immune system.
Symptoms of sinusitis in adults and children in the initial stages have similar symptoms with a cold, which is why self-medication exacerbates the disease. Before treating sinusitis, it is necessary to undergo a medical examination by an ENT doctor, if necessary, tests are prescribed – an x-ray of the sinuses, ultrasound and CT, or nuclear magnetic resonance imaging. If complications are suspected, an MRI scan of the brain is performed.
The treatment of sinusitis is conservative. The attending physician depending on the symptoms of the disease selects medications. In adults, in the presence of complications, treatment of sinusitis is carried out with antibiotics. Vasoconstrictive drops are used to facilitate breathing. In the treatment of sinusitis in adults and children, in addition to taking medications, physiotherapy is prescribed – UHF therapy of the sinuses, ultraviolet radiation therapy of the oral cavity. These procedures help reduce inflammation and relieve symptoms of the disease.
With a prolonged course of sinusitis and high risks of complications, sinusitis is treated surgically. To release pus from the sinuses, a puncture is performed – a puncture of the sinuses. After the cavity is cleaned of pus, it is irrigated with antiseptic solutions. To prevent re-accumulation of purulent masses after a puncture, a temporary catheter is placed.