Chronic pharyngitis, the symptoms of which are manifested during an exacerbation, is the most commonly diagnosed pharyngeal disease in adults and children.
Acute pharyngitis is a more benign disease that quickly disappears, has a moderate severity of symptomatic manifestation and does not cause any complications. The chronic form of pharyngitis is a slowly progredient disease characterised by the presence of an inflammatory process on the mucous membrane of the larynx, with outbreaks of exacerbation of the clinical picture.
Pharyngitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of throat that is determined by ingestion of bacteria – adenovirus, rhinovirus, parainfluenza, staphylococcus or streptococcus. The presence of provoking factors that negatively affect the condition of the larynx are:
Symptoms of pharyngitis occurring in a chronic form can be manifested in weakly expressed intensity or not manifest itself at all. Common symptoms of pharyngitis in adults and children:
During an exacerbation, the symptoms of pharyngitis are as follows:
Diagnosis of the disease
Treatment of pharyngitis occurring in acute form should be timely so that the disease does not develop into a chronic stage. Diagnosis includes examining the patient, examining his medical history and complaints. To confirm the initial diagnosis, a some medical tests are performed:
How to treat it?
Treatment of pharyngitis occurring in a chronic form is carried out with medications with anti-inflammatory and analgesic spectrum of actions. Vitamin complexes are prescribed to stimulate the protective functions of the immune system. Treatment of pharyngitis in children is symptomatic, during an exacerbation of the clinical picture. In most cases, the child outgrows this disease, so complex treatment is not carried out.
Treatment of pharyngitis in adults is carried out with antibiotics, which have a general or local spectrum of action depending on the severity. After antibiotic treatment, it is necessary to undergo a course of probiotics to restore the digestive tract.
In addition to medication treatment, it is necessary to adhere to a proper diet. When you feel perspiration in the throat, you can use drugs of topical action – sprays, tablets.
Cough and runny nose are treated symptomatically. Adults with a diagnosis of chronic pharyngitis need to quit smoking. You can get rid of a new disease using simple steps of prophylactics: keep your immunity strong, do not get cold, treat infectious diseases on time.