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Chronic pharyngitis, the symptoms of which are manifested during an exacerbation, is the most commonly diagnosed pharyngeal disease in adults and children.

Acute pharyngitis is a more benign disease that quickly disappears, has a moderate severity of symptomatic manifestation and does not cause any complications. The chronic form of pharyngitis is a slowly progredient disease characterised by the presence of an inflammatory process on the mucous membrane of the larynx, with outbreaks of exacerbation of the clinical picture.

Development factors                                           

Pharyngitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of throat that is determined by ingestion of bacteria – adenovirus, rhinovirus, parainfluenza, staphylococcus or streptococcus. The presence of provoking factors that negatively affect the condition of the larynx are:

  • bad habits in adults – smoking, alcohol;
  • poor environmental conditions;
  • difficult working conditions;
  • weak immunity;
  • eating food that is too hot, spicy or cold;
  • polyps in the nasopharynx;
  • chronic rhinitis or sinusitis;
  • in children, pharyngitis often occurs against the background of adenoiditis.

Symptomatic manifestations

Symptoms of pharyngitis occurring in a chronic form can be manifested in weakly expressed intensity or not manifest itself at all. Common symptoms of pharyngitis in adults and children:

  • constant, slight feeling of sore throat;
  • throat secretion that becomes a lump;
  • the feeling of the presence of a foreign body in the throat;
  • feeling of nausea, vomiting;
  • dry throat;
  • slight coughing;
  • enlarged cervical lymph nodes.

During an exacerbation, the symptoms of pharyngitis are as follows:

  • severe sore throat;
  • cough;
  • increased body temperature;
  • signs of intoxication.

Diagnosis of the disease

Treatment of pharyngitis occurring in acute form should be timely so that the disease does not develop into a chronic stage. Diagnosis includes examining the patient, examining his medical history and complaints. To confirm the initial diagnosis, a some medical tests are performed:

  • pharyngoscopy;
  • laryngoscopy;
  • examination by an endocrinologist;
  • CT of the pharynx and sinuses.

How to treat it?

Treatment of pharyngitis occurring in a chronic form is carried out with medications with anti-inflammatory and analgesic spectrum of actions. Vitamin complexes are prescribed to stimulate the protective functions of the immune system. Treatment of pharyngitis in children is symptomatic, during an exacerbation of the clinical picture. In most cases, the child outgrows this disease, so complex treatment is not carried out.

Treatment of pharyngitis in adults is carried out with antibiotics, which have a general or local spectrum of action depending on the severity. After antibiotic treatment, it is necessary to undergo a course of probiotics to restore the digestive tract.

In addition to medication treatment, it is necessary to adhere to a proper diet. When you feel perspiration in the throat, you can use drugs of topical action – sprays, tablets.

Cough and runny nose are treated symptomatically. Adults with a diagnosis of chronic pharyngitis need to quit smoking. You can get rid of a new disease using simple steps of prophylactics: keep your immunity strong, do not get cold, treat infectious diseases on time.