Shin plastic surgery
Legs have always been considered the subject of aesthetics in the female body, and all women, without exception, want to have long, beautiful and proportionate legs. Often, any deformation leads to embarrassment, self-doubt and complexes. Physical exercises only help build muscle mass and cope with such a problem as muscle hypotrophy, the curvature of the bone component itself can be corrected exclusively by surgical methods. Fortunately, today there are methods in plastic surgery that help correct any defects in the human body, and this is no exception.
Shin plastic surgery is an operative intervention, the purpose of which is to correct the shape, size and relief of the shin by means of implant placement or lipofilling.
Implants are made of different materials, they are elastic but at the same time very strong, hypoallergenic and durable and do not require replacement ever. They are often, made to individual measurements and needs. The implant can be installed both on the inside of the lower leg and on the outside. The effect after lipofilling is not so long-lasting, since proper fat tends to dissolve.
Types of curvature of the legs. The curvature of the lower extremities in the distal parts can be triggered by multiple factors, the main ones are the genetic predisposition, birth trauma of the lower extremities, as well as acquired injuries throughout life as a result of accidents, burns, blows etc.
False. Bone curvature does not, in fact, exist. The legs look so due to the underdevelopment of the muscular system or its atrophy.
Varus (O-curvature). Spindle-shaped curvature that extends from the lower leg to the groin, with feet standing close.
Valgus. (X-curvature). A curvature in which, with the knees brought together, the ankles diverge apart.
When is shin plastic surgery indicated?
– Dissatisfaction with the appearance of your legs
– Deformation of the legs (false or O-shaped)
– After injuries
– With congenital curvature of the legs
– After neurological diseases that are accompanied by malnutrition or atrophy
– After a disruption of peripheral innervation, as a result of which changes in the muscles appear
– Underdevelopment of the calf muscles
– Deformation of the feet (due to lack of vitamins and excessive exercise on the lower third of the body), which subsequently led to curvature of the legs
What are the contraindications for shin plastic surgery?
– Acute infectious diseases in the acute stage
– Sub- or decompensated diabetes mellitus
– Oncological neoplasms located in the lower body
– Pregnancy and lactation
– Diseases of the blood system associated with insufficient coagulability
– Varicose disease
– Diseases of the cardiovascular and respiratory system of moderate and severe degree
What is the preoperative period like?
Initially, you need to consult your doctor to identify possible contraindications. During the consultation it is necessary to warn the doctor about taking any medications, even if they are vitamins.
Before the operation, a prerequisite is passing instrumental and laboratory examinations, which include:
Complete blood count and urinalysis;
– blood glucose;
– Blood type and Rh factor;
– Coagulation testing (coagulation time, INR, PTI, APTT);
– Biochemical analysis of blood (bilirubin, ALT, AST, total protein, urea, creatinine, C-reactive protein, liver tests, electrolytes (potassium, sodium, calcium);
– Blood test for HbsAg (viral hepatitis B);
– Total antibodies HCV (viral hepatitis C);
– Blood test for HIV and RW;
– Consultation of GP
– Fluorography or chest X-ray results
Before the operation, the desired result is discussed and the selection of implants takes place.
How is the operation performed?
Shin plastic surgery is performed exclusively under general anaesthesia. After the onset of anaesthesia, the doctors perform an incision in the popliteal fossa, which does not exceed 4 cm in length. After that, an implant is placed under the fascia (muscle case made of connective tissue). Due to the installation precisely under the fascia, in the future it will be almost impossible to feel the implant or to distinguish it from natural tissues. Then, intradermal sutures are applied, which become completely invisible after 10-12 months, depending on the individual characteristics of the body and regeneration. An aseptic dressing and compressive stockings are dressed.
What is the rehabilitation period like?
For a month, wearing compression stockings is a prerequisite.
For the first three weeks it is not recommended to wear high-heeled shoes.
For 3-4 months, abandon physical activity, exercising, visiting the pool and solarium.
Seams are removed after 7-14 days if non-absorbable suture material is used.
During the rehabilitation period, it is not recommended to visit baths, saunas, swimming pools and a solarium, doing active sports and expand of joints.