Kyphoscoliosis is a deformation of the spinal column, in which frontal and sagittal planes are simultaneously curved. Kyphoscoliosis is a disease that combines signs of scoliosis and kyphosis. The disease has congenital and acquired forms.
Causes of deformation
Congenital kyphoscoliosis occurs due to abnormalities in the structure and development of the spinal column: the presence of extra or insufficient vertebrae, underdevelopment of intervertebral discs, irregular shape or size of the vertebrae. This disease is diagnosed in young children aged 6-8 months when babies begin to sit.
Acquired kyphoscoliosis in adults and children occurs for the following reasons:
In cases where the causes of kyphoscoliosis remain unexplored, a diagnosis of idiopathic kyphoscoliosis is made.
This disease develops in stages:
Symptoms of kyphoscoliosis are as follows:
Treatment of kyphoscoliosis is selected by the doctor individually, depending on the severity of the disease and the intensity of manifestation of the clinical picture. In the early stages of the development of pathological curvature of the spine, conservative treatment is used. Patient is prescribed a course of exercise therapy and physiotherapy aimed at stopping painful symptoms of kyphoscoliosis and reducing the load on the muscles to relieve spasm.
It is mandatory to wear special bandages and corsets. The course of therapeutic massage helps to improve blood circulation, relieves muscle cramps. Medications are prescribed only with exacerbation of symptomatic picture.
In extreme cases, when kyphoscoliosis cannot be corrected by conservative methods, a surgical operation is performed.
Indications for surgery:
In some cases, surgery is prescribed to eliminate cosmetic defects. After operation, a long recovery and rehabilitation period follows.