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Arthroscopy of joints

Joint arthroscopy is a modern minimally invasive, safe and effective method for diagnostic, treatment and restoration of joint structures affected by pathological processes. Joint arthroscopy is the “gold standard” in traumatology and orthopaedics.

Indications for arthroscopy

Joint arthroscopy is performed in the following cases:

  • diagnosis of the condition of a joint (unclear signs of injury or disease of a joint);
  • unclear complications from previous surgical interventions;
  • surgery for meniscus damage;
  • for suturing meniscus;
  • plastic surgery of the cruciate ligaments;
  • fat resection;
  • removal of synovial folds;
  • pathological processes on articular cartilage;
  • stabilization of shoulder joint with dislocation;
  • inflammatory processes in joints.

Benefits of Arthroscopy

Joint arthroscopy is a minimally invasive technique, has minimal risks of complications and does not require a long recovery period. Special medical device – an arthroscope connected to a camera projecting an image on the screen, is inserted through small punctures in the skin, so after the operation, there will be no scars on the body.

The advantage of joint arthroscopy is the ability to perform surgery in advanced cases of osteoarthrosis. Today it is the most informative way to find out the condition of joint in real-time.

Unlike open operations performed earlier, arthroscopy does not require a complex, long rehabilitation period, after a few days, the patient can go home. The cost of arthroscopy of joints depends on the complexity of the clinical case, the implants and devices used, the cost of this operation is not much higher than open surgery.

How is arthroscopy performed?

For the operation, the doctor makes two (sometimes three) minor punctures in the joint. An arthroscope will be inserted through one puncture, and a medical instrument through the second. Doctor’s goal is to maintain joint integrity. Arthroscopy of the shoulder joint is performed after its dislocation, in the presence of defects of the rotator cuff and (or) articular lip, subacromial impediment syndrome. This minimally invasive technique allows to accurately carrying out surgical procedures without the risk of damage to the structures of the joint.

Arthroscopy of the knee joint is performed to diagnose and treat the pathological processes of the joint. This technique allows operating as accurately as possible, without the risk of complications. The advantage of arthroscopy is that surgeon, based on the data obtained during the diagnosis of the joint, can change the course of the operation if other changes are detected. The cost of knee arthroscopy varies depending on the severity of the clinical case.

 

Rehabilitation

After arthroscopy of the joint, a patient can go home or stay for 1-3 days in the clinic under the supervision of doctors to track the positive dynamics after surgery and monitor his condition, after which he can be discharged. In the future, the patient will undergo a series of physiotherapeutic procedures to restore the functionality of the joint.

Due to minimal intervention in the joint during minimally invasive surgery, restoration of joint functionality is much faster and easier. Cases of complications and side effects after joint arthroscopy are extremely rare.

Реабилитация

После проведенной артроскопии сустава пациент может уйти домой или остается на 1-3 дня остается в клинике под наблюдением врачей, с целью отслеживания положительной динамики после операции и контроля его состояния, после чего может выписываться. В дальнейшем пациенту предстоит пройти ряд физиотерапевтических процедур по восстановлению функциональности сустава.

Благодаря минимальному вмешательству в сустав во время проведения малоинвазивной операции, восстановление функциональности сустава проходит значительно быстрее и легче. Случаи осложнений и побочных явлений после артроскопии суставов крайне редки.