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Joint stiffness is a pathology in which the motor function of joints is impaired. This disease occurs due to a trauma or the development of degenerative-dystrophic pathologies.
Joint stiffness is characterized by their reducibility when a person cannot perform one group of movements – to unbend joints or to bend them. Accordingly, there are two types of this disease – flexor stiffness and extensor stiffness of joints. This pathology is acquired, although cases of congenital stiffness are known to medicine, but they are extremely rare.
Types of this disease and causes
The following types are distinguished:
Symptomatology of the stiffness of a joint depends on the causes of the pathological process and in which section of the spinal column the disease arose. As a rule, stiffness develops gradually.
Initially, the patient experiences temporary, minor difficulties with flexion or extension movement of joint, and may experience pain, pulling sensations. If timely treatment is not started upon detection of this symptom, joint stiffness will be aggravated and may lead to complete immobilization over time.
Methods of treating joint stiffness are selected by the doctor individually, depending on the stage of development of the pathological process, presence of complications, severity of the clinical picture, and reasons that led to the development of joint stiffness. First of all, it is necessary to eliminate the root cause, without this measure, any therapy will give only a short-term result, and upon its completion, the disease will reappear.
The main methods for treating joint stiffness are physiotherapy, physical therapy exercises, and massage courses. Thermal procedures are appointed to normalize muscle tone, replenish nutrients in the joint and for normal oxygen access to soft tissues. Therapeutic exercises are appointed by the doctor individually for each patient.
In the absence of positive dynamics after a few months of physiotherapy, the doctor may appoint surgery. Methods are selected individually, preference is given to minimally invasive techniques that give high results and are characterized by minimal risks of complications.