After the operation, it is necessary to follow the appointments and recommendations of the surgeon, as this largely affects the recovery process and the rehabilitation period. The patient must arrive on time for dressing, removal of sutures and postoperative consultation, which is appointed within a month after the operation. The date of such a consultation depends on the type and complexity of the surgery. The patient is advised not to violate the recommendations of the attending doctor. Rehabilitation in each patient takes place individually, depending on the complexity and volume of the operation, the characteristics of the body, the presence of chronic diseases, compliance with the rules of postoperative care and regimen.
General recommendations after surgery:
- At first, you will have discomfort in the seam area and in general with active movement. Itching, a feeling of stiffness a postoperative wound, sensitivity are normal after surgery. You should not have pain similar to those that you experienced before the operation. Before discharge, you will be recommended pain management medications and anti-inflammatory drugs;
- Patients after abdominal surgery should perform breathing exercises;
- For patients of general surgical profile, a special gentle diet is indicated, especially if the operation was performed on the gastrointestinal tract. Patients should wear supportive underwear and bandages, this will help the muscles quickly restore tone. After interventions on the spine, wearing a corset is also recommended;
- Avoid physical exertion that causes pain and leads to stretching of the joints in the area of the operation, not less than 14 days after the operation, in some operations not earlier than 30 days;
- You must eat healthy foods and observe a water regime, and this will help you recover faster. If you need a special diet, your doctor will let you know. This is normal if you have a reduced appetite after surgery. This is an extra reason to eat more often, but in small portions;
- Oedema in the area of operation is a standard reaction of the body to the intervention. In plastic surgery, otorhinolaryngology surgery maximal oedema is observed 1-3 days after surgery. Oedema and possible hemorrhages (bruises) in the operation area will disappear within 14 days;
- It is recommended to give up alcohol and smoking;
- Keep the site of suture clean and dry;
- Avoid thermal procedures (bath, sauna), water procedures (swimming), bathing, up to 30 days;
- It is allowed on the 7th day taking a quick shower (up to 10 minutes) if the seam heals and is dry, or using a special waterproof dressing on the wound;
- You will need to take medication after surgery. Your doctor will tell you how long you have to take the drugs. Make sure you understand the names of the drugs, what they are for, and how often you should take them. Take only those drugs that have been prescribed to you. Talk with your doctor about the need for the drugs you took before surgery. Without consulting a doctor, DO NOT take new drugs (food additives, pain management medications, cold-relief medicine) and do not increase the dosages of old ones;
- Your doctor will tell you when you can return to driving. Until that moment, you can be a passenger as much as you want;
- It is necessary to avoid lifting weights over 5 kg for patients after neurosurgical, traumatological and general surgical operations within 1-2 months after surgery;
- You must have enough rest to avoid overwork. Consult a doctor if lack of sleep affects your behavior or normal sleep patterns do not normalize;
- After discharge from the hospital, regularly perform the exercises recommended by the physiotherapist and conduct classes to adapt to normal physical activity (ergotherapy);
- After the first stage of restoration, the strengthening of the muscles of the limbs, back, abdominals and restoration of the normal movement pattern come to the fore. At this stage, in addition to physical education, methods of mechanotherapy, classes on simulators, massage, reflexology are used. Physiotherapy is prescribed, in particular, UHF therapy, laser therapy, magnetotherapy, diadynamic therapy, electrophoresis;
Is home rehabilitation possible?
Perhaps, it is difficult at home to organize all the necessary events. The patient can perform the simplest exercises without the supervision of a physiotherapist, but for a quick recovery, an integrated approach with physiotherapeutic procedures, trainings, massage, psychological support is required.
At home patients often forget about the need for systematic rehabilitation. Therefore, restoration should be carried out in a specialized centre. We invite everyone to take a rehabilitation course with our physiotherapists, who will select the best course for you at a convenient time with a discount of up to 25%.
These symptoms should be reported to the doctor
- increase in oedema on 4-5 days after surgery;
- increasing pain;
- the appearance of blood or fluid accumulation on the surgical site;
- the appearance of a profuse rash;
- increased discharge from the wound;
- the edges of the wound parted;
- redness and swelling appeared in the seam area;
- increase in body temperature (above 38 degrees Celsius);
- if you have diabetes and your sugar level is much higher than usual.