Scoliosis, the treatment of which is long and complex, can be prevented by knowing the causes of the disease and the first signs of curvature.
What is scoliosis?
This is a curvature of the spine, in which the vertebrae rotate around their axis.
Scoliosis is a disease characterized by rapid progression and without timely treatment, in several years it can lead to complications in the work of internal organs.
SCOLIOSIS FORMS AND STAGES
Scoliosis, depending on the causes and symptoms of the disease, is divided into the following types:
The disease develops gradually and includes the following stages:
Curvature of the spine, depending on which side the vertebrae curve from the axis, has two forms – left-sided scoliosis and right-sided scoliosis.
Scoliosis of the spine of the acquired form occurs, in most cases, in children aged 11 to 15 years, which is associated with constant sitting at the desk in the wrong position. In the early stages, the disease does not have a pronounced clinical picture, so it is extremely important to regularly undergo a medical preventive examination. A doctor can detect the first changes in the state of the spinal column.
Signs of scoliosis:
Due to the constant tension of muscle corset, scoliosis leads to rapid physical fatigue and back pain. Scoliosis of the thoracic spine without timely treatment can lead to complications in the work of internal organs.
Scoliosis in the first stages of development is treated with conservative methods. A medical corset is prescribed. If scoliosis is diagnosed in a baby, during sleep it is fixed in a special bed with a plaster form. Exercises and physiotherapy are appointed.
It is mandatory to maintain proper posture, only an orthopaedic mattress is used for sleep. Medications are prescribed only if the disease has worsened, and the patient has pain symptom, the functioning of internal organs is disrupted.
Scoliosis to the right or left of the 4th degree can only be corrected by surgery. Tendons, vertebrae, intervertebral discs are subject to adjustment. During surgical intervention, the method of fixing vertebrae at the desired angle to the axis is used.
It is important to remember that scoliosis is a curvature of the spine that cannot be corrected on its own, a doctor breaks down all the treatment procedures and exercises for each patient individually.